Yes, there is in fact a doodlebug. And Harvard University documents the usage.
In their terrific, oddly fascinating Dialect Study.
Complete with map.
Here are all the connections to Mississippi. In case you were wondering.
I needed to be sure my childhood memories of calling doodlebugs from their homes was truth or fiction. Truth!
Now, don't ever ask me whether I'm doing scholarly research. Of course I am. Click that link up there and see if you don't think it's scholarly.
Writing historical fiction for kids requires a lot of research. Promise.